What Are The Program Evaluation Standards

The Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation (JCSEE) was founded in 1975 as a coalition of major professional associations concerned with the quality of evaluation. AEA is one of those associations, and sends a representative to the Joint Committee. The Joint Committee has developed a set of standards for the evaluation of educational programs as reflected on this page. Although AEA has not formally adopted these standards, it does support the Joint Committee’s work.

In order to gain familiarity with the conceptual and practical foundations of these standards and their applications to extended cases, the JCSEE strongly encourages all evaluators and evaluation users to read the complete book, available for purchase from SAGE and referenced as follows:

Yarbrough, D. B., Shulha, L. M., Hopson, R. K., and Caruthers, F. A. (2011). The program evaluation standards: A guide for evaluators and evaluation users (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

The standard names and statements, as reproduced below, are under copyright to the JCSEE and are approved as an American National Standard. Permission is freely given for stakeholders to use them for educational and scholarly purposes with attribution to the JCSEE. Authors wishing to reproduce the standard names and standard statements with attribution to the JCSEE may do so after notifying the JCSEE of the specific publication or reproduction. Check for Educational Evaluations at UT Evaluators

Utility Standards

The utility standards are intended to increase the extent to which program stakeholders find evaluation processes and products valuable in meeting their needs.

U1 Evaluator Credibility Evaluations should be conducted by qualified people who establish and maintain credibility in the evaluation context.
U2 Attention to Stakeholders Evaluations should devote attention to the full range of individuals and groups invested in the program and affected by its evaluation.
U3 Negotiated Purposes Evaluation purposes should be identified and continually negotiated based on the needs of stakeholders.
U4 Explicit Values Evaluations should clarify and specify the individual and cultural values underpinning purposes, processes, and judgments.
U5 Relevant Information Evaluation information should serve the identified and emergent needs of stakeholders.
U6 Meaningful Processes and Products Evaluations should construct activities, descriptions, and judgments in ways that encourage participants to rediscover, reinterpret, or revise their understandings and behaviors.
U7 Timely and Appropriate Communicating and Reporting Evaluations should attend to the continuing information needs of their multiple audiences.
U8 Concern for Consequences and Influence Evaluations should promote responsible and adaptive use while guarding against unintended negative consequences and misuse.

Feasibility Standards

The feasibility standards are intended to increase evaluation effectiveness and efficiency.

F1 Project Management Evaluations should use effective project management strategies.
F2 Practical Procedures Evaluation procedures should be practical and responsive to the way the program operates.
F3 Contextual Viability Evaluations should recognize, monitor, and balance the cultural and political interests and needs of individuals and groups.
F4 Resource Use Evaluations should use resources effectively and efficiently.

Propriety Standards

The propriety standards support what is proper, fair, legal, right and just in evaluations.

P1 Responsive and Inclusive Orientation Evaluations should be responsive to stakeholders and their communities.
P2 Formal Agreements Evaluation agreements should be negotiated to make obligations explicit and take into account the needs, expectations, and cultural contexts of clients and other stakeholders.
P3 Human Rights and Respect Evaluations should be designed and conducted to protect human and legal rights and maintain the dignity of participants and other stakeholders.
P4 Clarity and Fairness Evaluations should be understandable and fair in addressing stakeholder needs and purposes.
P5 Transparency and Disclosure Evaluations should provide complete descriptions of findings, limitations, and conclusions to all stakeholders, unless doing so would violate legal and propriety obligations.
P6 Conflicts of Interests Evaluations should openly and honestly identify and address real or perceived conflicts of interests that may compromise the evaluation.
P7 Fiscal Responsibility Evaluations should account for all expended resources and comply with sound fiscal procedures and processes.

Accuracy Standards

The accuracy standards are intended to increase the dependability and truthfulness of evaluation representations, propositions, and findings, especially those that support interpretations and judgments about quality. For Educational Evaluations visit UT Evaluators

A1 Justified Conclusions and Decisions Evaluation conclusions and decisions should be explicitly justified in the cultures and contexts where they have consequences.
A2 Valid Information Evaluation information should serve the intended purposes and support valid interpretations.
A3 Reliable Information Evaluation procedures should yield sufficiently dependable and consistent information for the intended uses.
A4 Explicit Program and Context Descriptions Evaluations should document programs and their contexts with appropriate detail and scope for the evaluation purposes.
A5 Information Management Evaluations should employ systematic information collection, review, verification, and storage methods.
A6 Sound Designs and Analyses Evaluations should employ technically adequate designs and analyses that are appropriate for the evaluation purposes.
A7 Explicit Evaluation Reasoning Evaluation reasoning leading from information and analyses to findings, interpretations, conclusions, and judgments should be clearly and completely documented.
A8 Communication and Reporting Evaluation communications should have adequate scope and guard against misconceptions, biases, distortions, and errors.

Evaluation Accountability Standards

The evaluation accountability standards encourage adequate documentation of evaluations and a metaevaluative perspective focused on improvement and accountability for evaluation processes and products.

E1 Evaluation Documentation Evaluations should fully document their negotiated purposes and implemented designs, procedures, data, and outcomes.
E2 Internal Metaevaluation Evaluators should use these and other applicable standards to examine the accountability of the evaluation design, procedures employed, information collected, and outcomes.
E3 External Metaevaluation Program evaluation sponsors, clients, evaluators, and other stakeholders should encourage the conduct of external metaevaluations using these and other applicable standards.

The Advantages & Disadvantages Of Wireless Communication

The telecommunications sector evolved from the telegraph, where communication took days, to modern mobile technology, where large amounts of data can be sent in seconds. These shifts are due to technology, and they changed how people live and do business. At one time, telecommunications required physical wires connecting homes and businesses. In modern society, this is changing with mobile technology and wireless technology becoming the primary form of communication. Check for The Advantages & Disadvantages Of Wireless Communication in Linkedphone

Wireless communication is among technology’s biggest contributions to mankind. Wireless communication involves the transmission of information over a distance without help of wires, cables or any other forms of electrical conductors. The transmitted distance can be anywhere between a few meters (for example, a television’s remote control) and thousands of kilometres (for example, radio communication). Some of the devices used for wireless communication are cordless telephones, mobiles, GPS units, wireless computer parts, and satellite television. Advantages

Wireless communication has the following advantages:

1. Communication has enhanced to convey the information quickly to the consumers. 2 Working professionals can work and access Internet anywhere and anytime without carrying cables or wires wherever they go. This also helps to complete the work anywhere on time and improves the productivity. 3 Doctors, workers and other professionals working in remote areas can be in touch with medical centres through wireless communication. 4. Urgent situation can be alerted through wireless communication. The affected regions can be provided help and support with the help of these alerts through wireless communication. 5 Wireless networks are cheaper to install and maintain. Disadvantages

The growth of wireless network has enabled us to use personal devices anywhere and anytime. This has helped mankind to improve in every field of life but this has led many threats as well. Wireless network has led to many security threats to mankind. It is very easy for the hackers to grab the wireless signals that are spread in the air. It is very important to secure the wireless network so that the information cannot be exploited by the unauthorized users. This also increases the risk to lose information. Strong security protocols must be created to secure the wireless signals like WPA and WPA2. Another way to secure the wireless network is to have wireless intrusion prevention system.

The different types of wireless communication technologies include: Infrared (IR) wireless communication: IR wireless communication communicates data or information in devices or systems through infrared (IR) radiation. Infrared is electromagnetic energy at a wavelength that is longer than that of red light. Working: IR wireless is used for short and medium-range communications and security control. For IR communication to work, the systems mostly operate in line-of-sight mode which means that there must be no obstruction between the transmitter (source) and receiver (destination).

Infrared is used in television remote controls and security systems.

In the electromagnetic spectrum, infrared radiation lies between microwaves and visible light, therefore, they can be used as a source of communication.

A photo LED transmitter and a photodiode receptor are required for successful IR communication. The LED transmitter transmits the infrared signal in the form of non-visible light, which is captured and retrieved as information by the photo receptor. In this way, the information between the source and the target is transferred.

The source and/or destination can be laptops, mobile phones, televisions, security systems and any other device that supports wireless communication.

 

Affordable Benefits Of Virtual Business Phone Number

It can be dangerous to give out your phone number to people you don’t know, and that’s normally the case when a website asks you for your phone number. Fortunately, just like with anonymous email addresses and debit cards, you can also grab an anonymous, virtual phone number to mask your real number.When you use a virtual phone number, only that number is known, not your real number, even though the virtual number might ring your real phone to establish the phone call. Anyone you call, and anyone who calls your virtual number, cannot see your real phone number.. Check for Affordable Benefits Of Virtual Business Phone Number in Linkedphone

For any business, every customer call is important. Yet little attention is paid to maintaining a high quality incoming call management system resulting in considerable damage to brand reputation and incalculable business opportunity losses. Worse, the management has no control or information about:

No. of calls received

No. of calls missed

Who handled the call

What was spoken during the call

By greeting, routing and tracking all incoming calls received by the business, the Cloud Based Business Telephony Solution provides a simple, cost effective and yet highly efficient way of handling business inquiries.

CLOUD BASED BUSINESS HELPLINE SOLUTION FEATURES

Customers can choose a 10 digit mobile or toll-free number for the business Advertise the same in all business communications and stationary Employees can be grouped into departments and assigned extension numbers and calls routed to the department could be delivered to employees within that department automatically, wherever they may be, on their mobile phones. When lines are busy callers are automatically re-routed to other available numbers. Automatically managing incoming business calls,

Every caller is greeted professionally, tirelessly, 24×7 Not a single call is missed. All caller details are captured in real time 24×7 and business owners and managers can review the same in real time

Who should buy it

Designed to serve the requirements of those modern day technology enabled businesses,

Lot of incoming calls, everyday of the week A mobile workforce that needs to stay connect with the office at all times Where customers require extensive pre sale counseling or support by qualified employees Where customer regularly place repeat order on phone. These solutions are already deployed across many market verticals including Educational Institution, Online Matrimony, Retail, IT, Real Estate, FMCG sectors.

Advertising campaigns are becoming increasingly expensive and brand managers are asked to monitor campaign performance continually to derive highest value for money spent. In a multi-platform, multi-location campaign it is virtually impossible for brand managers to understand in real time:

Which campaign message or outlet is performing the best? What is the volume of inquires generated and which time of the day? Who handled the incoming inquiries and what transpired during this conversation? Till now real time campaign ROI measurement was partially possible only in an online campaign. By tracking all incoming calls generated by the campaign, cloud telephony based Campaign Response Management Solution provides a simple and yet highly effective real time solution to businesses.

These solutions will help you to manage your business, away from office also. It provides the most economic way to own a telephony solution for an entire company which earlier a big companies used to dream of.

If you think all the customers calls are important for your business or you are not able to identify where the incoming calls are coming from Cloud Telephony is the one stop solution for streamlining all the call management, tracking through Virtual IVRS and Virtual PBX.